Equipment, Tools & Buildings

Section links:


Sanitary Design and Construction of Food Equipment (Fact Sheet)
University of Florida, IFAS Extension
A detailed description of materials and design criteria.

Finish Surfaces for Produce and Food Areas (Table)
University of Vermont, Ag Engineering Blog
A list of smooth and cleanable surfaces.

NSF International (Website)
NSF is an independent, accredited organization, that tests, audits and certifies products and systems as well as provide education and risk management.
    Certified Products and Systems
    Certified Food Equipment
    Nonfood Compounds

Determining the Regulatory Status of Components of a Food Contact Material
This webpage details the steps you can take to determine the regulatory status of food contact material.

Building Open Packsheds for Efficiency and Produce Safety (Fact Sheet)
University of Vermont, Center for Sustainable Agriculture
Suggested layout for an open packshed with pictures of examples.

Wash Line and Packing Shed Design for Food Safety (Fact Sheet)
Cornell Cooperative Extension
A one-page guide to setting up a wash line along with food safety tips.

Resources on Wash Station and Pack Shed Layout and Design (List of Resources)
University of Vermont, Center for Sustainable Agriculture
Videos, case studies and fact sheets on wash stations and pack shed design.

Post Harvest Handling (Powerpoint)
Iowa State University Extension
Powerpoint presentation discussing packing house standards, cleaning techniques, and information about keeping pests out of food storage and processing areas.

Sanitation and Post Harvest Handling (Fact sheets, Decision Trees)
Step-by-step processes to clean areas of the packing house and processing areas. Provides further links to resources that go more in depth about equipment and building cleanliness standards.

Decision Tree
Cornell University

Small Scale Postharvest Handling Practices: A Manual for Horticultural Crops (Manual)
University of California, Davis
Extensive overview of post-harvest handling practices and discusses equipment, tools, and techniques for maintaining a clean and safe facility.

Rinsing and Packing Produce with Produce Safety in Mind (Fact Sheet)

Agricultural Engineering Blog: Remote Monitoring
UVM Extension blog post on the technology and challenges associated with remote monitoring of cold storage spaces.  Includes a list of currently available products.

Agricultural Engineering Blog:  Thermostats for Agriculture
Article from UVM Extension’s Chris Callahan with recommendations on features to look for when choosing a thermostat for greenhouses, coolers, and post-harvest processing use.

On-Farm Cleaning

Center for Sustainable Agriculture, University of Vermont Extension

This 2-page fact sheet provides a step-by-step guide to writing a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for cleaning and sanitizing food contact equipment and surfaces.

On-farm Food Safety: Clean and Sanitizing Guide

Iowa State University Extension and Outreach

This 4-page fact sheet reviews cleaning and sanitizing basics.

Sample Standard Operating Procedure (SOP):  Cleaning and Sanitizing Surfaces, Tools and Equipment

Cornell University

Cleaning and Sanitizing Tools and Harvest Containers

University of Minnesota On Farm GAP Food Safety Team

A 2-page fact sheet that outlines how to clean and sanitize farm tools and harvest containers.

Basic Elements of Equipment Cleaning and Sanitizing in Food Processing and Handling Operations

University of Florida, IFAS Extension

This 11-page fact sheet is a detailed description of different types of cleaners and sanitizers and how to use them in food processing and/or food handling operations. 

Allowed Detergents and Sanitizers for Food Contact Surfaces and Equipment in Organic Operations

Agriculture Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

An overview of cleaning and sanitizing steps as well as frequently asked questions about what is allowed in organic operations.


The Northeast Center to Advance Food Safety (Website)
This is an organization with the goal of creating a training program in the northeast (and nationally) regarding complying with the Food Safety and Modernization Act.

How to Design a Packing Shed (Video Tutorial)
Farm Answers, University of Minnesota
Brief video that discuses how to design a packing shed to maximize efficiency and safety. Uses some creative ideas as farm equipment for washing vegetables.